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Terms Used in Oil, Offshore, Drilling and Marine Industry Abbreviations & Acronyms - All (A to Z): A&G = Administrative and General Expenses AAQS = Ambient Air Quality Standards Continued below ABF = Aquatic Base Flow ABS = American Bureau of Shipping AC = Alternating Current ACA = Annual Charge Adjustment ACHARR = Advisory Committee on Hydrocarbons Additional Recovery Research ACHP = Advisory Council on Historic Preservation ACRS = Accelerated Cost Recovery System ADIT = Accumulated Deferred Income Taxes AF = Arctic Floater AFFF = Aqueous film-forming foam Aframax tanker = tanker < 80,000 dwt (average freight rate assessment) AI = artificial island AIS = Automatic identification system AL = Appraisal Licence AMNI = Associate Member of the Nautical Institute Amp = Ampere AMVER = US Automated Mutual-Assistance Vessel Rescue APCD = Air Pollution Control District API = American Petroleum Institute AQ = Air Quality AQAP = Air Quality Attainment Plan AQMD = Air Quality Management District ARB = Air Resources Board ARCS = Admiralty Raster Chart Service ARPA = Automatic Radar Plotting Aids ASBA = Association of Ship Brokers and Agents ASRO = Australian Shipping Registration Office ASV = Annular Safety Valve Bbbl = Billion barrels Bbl = Barrel(s) of oil BC = Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes BCD = Barrels per Calendar Day Bcf = Billion Cubic Feet Bcfd = billion cubic feet per day Bcfe = Billion Cubic Feet of gas Equivalent BDI = Baltic Dry Index BDV = Blow Down Valve BFI = Baltic Freight Index BHA = Bottom Hole Assembly (toolstring on coiled tubing or drill pipe) BHP = Bottom Hole Pressure BIMCO = Baltic and International Maritime Council Bimcosale = The Bimco standard form of bill of sale BMP’s = Best Management Practices BO = Biological Opinion BOD = Biological Oxygen Demand BOE = Barrels of Oil Equivalent (bbls of oil equivalent) BOE/BoE/boepd = Barrel of oil equivalent per day BOEPD = Barrels of Oil Per Day Equivalent BOP = Blowout Preventer BOPD = Barrels Of Oil Per Day BOPE = Barrels of Oil Per Day Equivalent BOPM = Barrels of Oil Per Month BOSIET = Basic Offshore Safety Induction and Emergency Training (includes Safety, Fire Prevention and Fire Fighting, First Aid and Hypothermia, Helicopter Safety and Escape, and Survival at Sea BOSVA = British Offshore Support Vessel Owners Association BPD = barrels per day BPH = barrels per hour BPI = Baltic Panamax Index BPV - Back Pressure Valve BR = Barge BRINDEX = Association of British Independent Oil Exploration Companies BROA = British Rig Owners Association Brown Fields = Fields beyond their production plateau but still producing BRS = Bulgarian Register of Shipping BRT = Below Rotary Table BS&W = Basic Sediment & Water BTEX = Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, Xylene BTI = British Trade International BTU = British Thermal Unit BV = Bureau Veritas BWPD = Barrels of Water Per Day C (cent.) = Centigrade CAA = Clean Air Act CAAA = Clean Air Act Amendments CAAQS = California Air Quality Standards CAD = computer assisted design CAER = Community Awareness and Emergency Response CAODC = Canadian Association of Oilwell Drilling Contractors CAP = Condition Assessment Program Survey CAPEX = Capital Expenditure CAPP = Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers CARB = California Air Resources Board CATS = Central Area Transmission System CBI = computer-based information CBI = Confederation of British Industry CBL = Cement Bond Log CBM = Coalbed Methane CBT = computer-based training CCA = California Coastal Act CCC = California Coastal Commission CCC = Carrier container council CCMP = California Coastal Management Program CCP = Controllable Pitch Propeller CCRS = China Corporation Register of Shipping CCS = China Classification Society CDA = Common Data Access CEC = California Energy Commission CEN = European Committee for Standardization CENELEC = European Committee for Electro-technical Standardization CEPA = Canadian Energy Pipeline Association CES = coast earth station CESMA = Confederation of European Union Shipmasters Associations Cf = Compare Cf = Cubic Feet CFR = Code of Federal Regulations Cfs = Cubic Feet per Second CG = coast guard CGBF = Concrete, Gravity Based Structure CGT = Capital Gains Tax CHP = Casing Hanger Pressure CIRM = International radio maritime committee CIT = Chartered Institute of Transport Class = Category in classification register CLC = International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage CLUP = Coastal Land Use Plan CNG = Compressed Natural Gas CO = Carbon Monoxide CO2 = Carbon Dioxide COA = contract of affreightment Colreg - International Convention on Collision Regulations COMP = California Offshore Monitoring Program COOGER = California Offshore Oil and Gas Energy Resources CoSWP = Code of Safe Working Practices For Merchant Seamen COW = Crude oil washing CPI = Consumer Price Index CPS = Cycles Per Second CPU = Cavern Point Unit CRS = Croatian Register of Shipping CSS = Code of Ship management Standards CT = Coiled Tubing CT = Compliant Tower CT = Corporation Tax CTCO = Coiled Tubing Clean Out CTM = Coil Tubing Measurement CTU = cargo transport unit CUP = Conditional Use Permit CWA = Clean Water Act CZMA = Coastal Zone Management Act D&C = Drilling and Completions dBA = Decibles DC = Direct Current DCP = Driller's Control Panel DEAL = Digital Energy Atlas & Library DGPS = Differential Global Positioning System DIS = Danish International Register of Shipping - Danish Maritime Authority DIS = Draft international standard DL = Development Licence DLat = difference in latitude DLong = difference in longitude DMDO = Distillate Marine Diesel Oil DNC = Digital Nautical Chart DNV = Det Norske Veritas DO = Dissolved Oxygen DO = Division Order DOC = document of compliance DOE = US Department Of Energy DOT = US Department of Transportation DP = Dynamic Positioning DPO = Dynamic Positioning Operator DPP = Development and Production Plan DR = Dead Reckoning DR = Delay Rental DS = Drillship DSC = Dangerous Goods, Solid Cargoes and Containers DSS = decision support system DSV = Diving Support Vessel DTI = UK Department of Trade and Industry DWT = Deadweight tons EA = Environmental Assessment EC = European Community EC = European Commission ECDIS = Electronic Chart Display and Information System ECGD = Exports Credits Guarantee Department ECITB = Engineering Construction Industry Training Board ECS = Electronic chart system EEEGR = East of England Energy Group EEZ = Exclusive economic zone EHV = Extra High Voltage EIA = Environmental Impact Assessment EIR = Environmental Impact Report EIS = Environmental Impact Statement EL = Exploration Licence EMF = Electro Magnetic Fields EN = European Standard ENC = electronic navigation chart EOFL = End of Field Life EOR = Enhanced oil recovery EPA = Environmental Protection Act EPFS = Electronic Position Fixing System EPIRB = emergency position indicating radio beacon EPS = IMO performance standard for ECDIS ERD = Extended Reach Drilling ERNS = Emergency Response Notification System ESD = Emergency Shut Down ESP = Electric Submersible Pump ETA = estimated time of arrival ETD = estimated time of departure ETO = Electro-Technical Officer ETSF = Electronic Trading Standard Format ETSI = European Telecommunications EU = European Union FCC = fully cellular containership FCO = financed, constructed and operated FCO = Foreign and Commonwealth Office FDP = Final Development Plan FERC = Federal Energy Regulatory Commission FIXED = Fixed Leg Platform FMA = Finnish Maritime Administration, Finish Register of Ships FNI = Fellow of The Nautical Institute FO = fuel oil FOIP = Freedom Of Information and Protection of Privacy Act FONSI = Findings Of No Significant Impact FPF = Floating Production Facility FPS = feet per second FPS = Floating production, storage FPSO = Floating Production Storage and Offloading System FR = Full Requirements FRSB = Fast Response Spill Boat FSA = formal safety assessment FSRU = Floating Storage and Regasification Unit FT = Flow Transmitter Ft = Foot (feet) FTC = US Federal Trade Commission FTP = Flowing Tubing Plug FWV = Flow Wing Valve G/L = Gas/Liquid Gal = Gallon GAPP = Generally Accepted Accounting Principles GBT = Gravity Base Tank GHG = Greenhouse Gases GIIP = Gas Initially In Place GIS = Geographic Information System GL = Germanischer Lloyd GLM = Gas Lift Mandrel Glonass = Global navigation satellite system GLR = Gas Liquid Ratio GLV = Gas Lift Valve GMDSS = Global maritime distress and safety system GMT = Greenwich Mean Time GNOME = General NOAA Oil Modeling Environment GOC = Gas Oil Contact GOC = General operators' certificate with regard to GMDSS GOM = Gulf of Mexico GOR = Gas Oil Ratio GPS = Global positioning system GRP = Glass Reinforced Plastic GRV = Gross Rock Volume GT = gross tonnage GT&C = General Terms and Conditions GTL = Gas To Liquid GTW = Gas To Wire GUI = Graphical user interface GW = Gigawatt Gwh = Gigawatt-Hour GWI = Gross Working Interest H2S = Hydrogen Sulfide HAP’s = Hazardous Air Pollutants HARP = Hot Spots Analysis and Reporting Program HARP = Hydrocarbons Additional Recovery Program HAZMAT = Hazardous Materials Response Division of NOAA HBL = Hydrostatic Balanced Loading HBL = Hydrostatic Balanced Loading HCA = Host Control Area HCRF = Hydrographic Chart Raster Format HEA = Habitat Equivalency Analysis HEP = Habitat Evaluation Procedure HGE = Harmonization Group on ECDIS HHI = Hirschman Herfindahl Index HHP = High holding power (anchors) HKSR = Hong Kong Shipping Register HLID = Hydrocarbon Leak and Ignition Database HLO = Helicopter Landing Officer HMG = Her Majesty’s Government (UK) HMT = Her Majesty’s Treasury (UK) HNS = Convention on the Carriage of Noxious and Hazardous Substances by Sea HO = Hydrographic Office HP = high pressure HP = Horsepower HPHT = High Pressure High Temperature HQI = Habitat Quality Index HSC = Health & Safety Commission HSC = International Code of Safety for High-Speed Craft HSE = Health, Safety and Environment HSWA = Health and Safety at Work Act HUET = Helicopter Underwater Escape Training HVDC = High Voltage Direct Current HVI = High Viscosity Index Hz = Hertz (cycles per second) I:P = Injector To Producer Ratio IACS = International Association of Classification Societies IADC = International Association of Drilling Contractors IAIN = International Association of Institutes of Navigation IALA = International Association of Lighthouse Authorities IAPH = International Association of Ports and Harbors IASST = International Association for Sea Survival Training IBC Code = International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk IBCS = Integrated bridge control system IBIA = International Bunker Industry Association ICAB = International Cargo Advisory Bureau ICAP = Installed Capacity ICHCA = International Cargo Handling Coordination Association ICoTA = Intervention and Coiled Tubing Association ICS = Incident Command System ICS = Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers ICS = International Chamber of Shipping ICV = Interval Control Valve ID = Inner Diameter IEA = International Energy Agency IER = Incremental Energy Rate IFO = Intermediate Fuel Oil IFSMA = International Federation of Ship Masters' Associations IFTPA = International Forest Product Transport Association IGC Code = International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk IGO = inter-governmental organization IGS = inert gas system IGU = International Gas Union IHB = International Hydrographic Bureau IHMA = International Harbor Masters' Association IHO = International Hydrographic Organization IHR = Incremental Heat Rate IICL = Institute of International Container Lessors IIMS = International Institute of Marine Surveyors IIRT = Initial Incident Response Team IJC = International Joint Commission ILO = International Labor Organization IMarE = Institute of Marine Engineers IMB = International Maritime Bureau IMDG Code = International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code IMLA = International Maritime Lecturers Association IMO = International Maritime Organization IMPA = International Marine Purchasing Association IMPA = International Maritime Pilots' Association in = Inch INC = Incident of Non-Compliance Inmarsat = International Marine Satellite Organization Intercargo = International Association fo Dry Cargo Ship-owners INTERTANKO = International Association of Independent Tanker Owners Invest UK = Inward investment promotion arm of BTI (formerly Invest in Britain Bureau) IOLT = Institute of Logistics and Transport IOPC = International Oil Pollution Fund IPC = Installed Production Capacity IPE = International Petroleum Exchange IPO = Initial Public Offering IPPC = Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control IR = Inland Revenue IRS = Indian Register of Shipping ISDP = integrated ship design and production ISF = International Shipping Federation ISGOTT = International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals ISM Code = International Safety Management Code ISMA = International Ship Managers' Association ISO = International Standards Organization ISSA = International Ship Supplies Association ISU = International Salvage Union ITF = International Transport Workers Federation ITL = Industry Leadership Team (part of PILOT) ITOPF = International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation IUA = International Underwriting Association IWOCS = Installation and workover control system JAS = Joint Association Survey JIP = Joint industry project JNCC = Joint Nature Conservation Committee JOA = Joint operating agreement JRP = Joint Review Panel JU = Jackup JV = Joint venture kHz = Thousand Hertz (cycles per second) KR (or KRS) = Korean Register of Shipping KV = Kilovolt KVA = Kilovolt-Ampere KVNR = Dutch Register of Shipping Kw = Kilowatt KWH = Kilowatt-Hour LACT = Liquid Automatic Custody Transfer Lat =latitude LAT = Lowest Astronomical Tide LBP = Length between perpendiculars LBS = lifeboat stations LCB = longitudinal centre of buoyancy LCD = Liquid crystal display LCF = longitudinal centre of flotation LDT = light displacement tonnage, lost during trans-shipment LED = Light emitting diode LEL = Lower explosive limit LEM = lower explosive mixture LEO = low earth orbit (satellite configuration) LGR = Liquid Gas Ratio LIFT = Licence Information for Trading LKO = Lowest Known Oil LMRP = Lower Marine Riser Package LMT = local mean time LMV = Lower Master Valve LN = Land LNG = Liquefied Natural Gas LO = lubricating oil LOA = Length over all LOC = Letter of credit, letter of compliance (USCG) LODF = Line Outage Distribution Factor LOGIC = Leading Oil and Gas Industry Competitiveness LOL = limitation of owner's liability LOLE = Loss Of Load Expectation LOLER = Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations LOP = Line of position LOR = Letter of readiness LOS = Law of the Sea LOS = Line of sight LP = liquid petroleum LP = Low Pressure LP = low pressure LPC = London Processing Centre LPG = Liquefied Petroleum Gas LR = Lloyd's Register LRDP = Long Range Development Plan LSA = life saving appliances LSFO = Loss-Sulfur Fuel Oil LSH = Level Safety High LSL = Level Safety Low LST = local standard time LVI = Low Viscosity Index LW = low water LWD = Logging Whilst Drilling LWL = length on water line M = Meter M/V = Mobile Vessel Marisat = Maritime satellite system MARPOL 73/78 = International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships MARSEC = Maritime Security MAWP = Maximum Actual Working Pressure MAWP = Maximum Allowable Working Pressure Mbbls = Thousand Barrels Mbbls/d = Thousand Barrels per Day Mbod = thousand barrels of oil per day Mboe = Thousand Barrels of Oil Equivalent Mboe/d = Thousand Barrels of Oil Equivalent per Day MCA = Marine Coastguard Agency MCC = Master Control Center MCE = Maximum Credible Earthquakes Mcf = Thousand Cubic Feet (of gas) MCFD = Thousand Cubic Feet Per Day MCFPD = One Thousand Cubic Feet of Gas Per Day MD = Measured Depth MDL = Methane Drainage Licence MDO = Marine Diesel Oil MDT = Modular formation Dynamic Tester MEO = medium earth orbit (for satellite configuration) MEPC = Marine Environment Protection Committee MERSAR = Merchant Ship Search and Rescue Manual Mgd = million gallons per day MGN = Marine Guidance Note MGO = Marine Gas Oil Mgy = million gallons per year MI = Mineral Interest MIS = Management information system MLLW = Mean Lower Low Water MM = Million MM = Mitigation Measure MMbbl(s) = Million Barrels MMbd = million barrels per day MMboe = Million Barrels of Oil Equivalent MMboepd (or mmboepd) = Millions of barrels of oil equivalent per day mmBtu = Million British Thermal Units MMcf = Million Cubic Feet MMcf/d = Million Cubic Feet per Day MMcfd = Million cubic feet day MMCRP = Mitigation Monitoring and Compliance Reporting Program MMP = Mitigation Monitoring Program MMPA = Marine Mammals Protection Act MMS = Minerals Management Service MMscfd = million standard cubic feet per day MMstb = million stock barrels MNI = Member of the Nautical Institute MO = Mobile MODU = Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit MOP = mobile offshore production MOPU = Mobile Producing Unit MOTEMS = Marine Oil Terminal Engineering and Maintenance Standards MOU = Memorandum of Understanding Mpd = thousand barrels per day MPN = Most Probable Number MRCC = maritime rescue coordination centre MSC = Marine Safety Committee MSDS = Materials Safety Data Sheet MTLP = Mini Tension Leg Platform MUX = Make Up Crossover [Crossover = X] MVA = Megavolt-Amperes MW = Megawatts MWD = Measurement Whilst Drilling N02 = Nitrogen dioxide N0X = Nitrogen oxides NAAQS = National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAFTA = North American Free Trade Agreement NAVTEX = navigational and meteorological warning broadcast service NCOB = no cargo on board NDT = non-destructive testing NE = Northeast NEB =National Energy Board NFI = No Further Investment NFTZ = non free trade zone NG = Natural Gas NGL = Natural Gas Liquids NGO = Non-Governmental organisation NHPV = Net Hydrocarbon Pore Volume NI = The Nautical Institute NIHQ = Nautical Institute Headquarters, London NITC = Normal Incremental Transfer Capability NK or NKK (or ClassNK) = Nippon Kaiji Kyokai (Japan's ship classification society) NM = Nautical mile NMEA = National Marine Electronics Association NMFS = National Marine Fisheries Services (NOAA Fisheries) NNR = national nature reserve NO = nitric oxide NOAA = National Marine and Atmospheric Administration NOAA = National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOD = Notice of Determination NOGEPA = Netherlands Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Association NOI = Notice Of Inquiry NOI = Notice Of Intent NOP = Notice of Preparation NOR = Notice of Readiness NPD = Norwegian Petroleum Directorate NPDES = National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System NPREP = National Preparedness for Response Exercise Program NPV = Net Present Value NRC = National Response Center NRI = Net Revenue Interest NRV = Non Return Valve NSA = Norwegian Shipowners' Association NSDG = North Sea Decommissioning Group NT = net tonnage NTO = National Training Organization NUMAST = National Union of Marine, Aviation & Shipping Transport Officers NWI = Net Working Interest NYMEX = New York Mercantile Exchange O/B = on board OBO = ore/bulk/oil carrier OCA = Offshore Contractors Association OCIMF = Oil Companies International Marine Forum OCR = optical character recognition OCS = Outer Continental Shelf OCSLA = Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act OD = Outer Diameter ODT = Oil Down To OECD = Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OES = Office of Emergency Services OG = Oil and Gas Directorate OGITF = Oil & Gas Industry Task Force OGML = Oil, Gas and Mineral Lease OIAC = Oil Industry Advisory Committee OLF = Norwegian Oil Industry Association OMBO = One Man Bridge Operation OOD = Officer of the deck OOW = Officer of the watch OPA 90 = US Oil Pollution Act of 1990 OPEC = Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries OPEX = Operating Expenditure OPITO = Offshore Petroleum Industry Training Organization OPITO = The Oil & Gas Academy OPPR = oil pollution preparedness and response OPR = Office of Planning and Research OPRC = International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation OPS = US Office of Pipeline Safety ORRI = Overriding Royalty Interest OSCP = Oil Spill Contingency Plan OSHA = Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSPAR = Oslo & Paris Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of North East Atlantic OSPR = Oil Spill Prevention and Response OSRA = Oil Spill Risk Analysis OSRP = Oil Spill Response Plan OSRV = Oil Spill Response Vessel OSV = Offshore Support Vessel OTO = Oil Taxation Office (of the Inland Revenue) OWC = Oil Water Contact P&I (or P and I) = Protection and Indemnity club PAC = Pacific OCS Region PAH = poly-aromatic hydrocarbons Panamax = Ships able to transit, and allowed transit, of the Panama Canal PBR = Polished Bore Receptacle PBU = Pressure Build Up PDG = Permanent Downhole Gauge PE = Petroleum Engineer PEDL = Petroleum Exploration & Development Licence PF = Platform PFD = position fixing device, personal floatation device PGOR = Produced Gas Oil Ratio PIANC = Permanent International Association of Navigation Congresses PILOT = OGITF Successor PINC = Potential Incident of Non-Compliance PLB = personal locator beacon PLEM = pipeline end manifold PLT = Production Logging Tool PM = particulate matter PM10 = particulate matter less than 10 microns in diameter PM2.5 = particulate matter less than 2.5 microns in diameter PMS = planned maintenance system POB = persons on board POB = pilot on board PON = Petroleum Operations Notice POOH = Pull Out Of Hole POOI = Pacific Operators Offshore Incorporated POSVCM = Pipeline Oil Spill Volume Computer Model POV = Pressure Operated Valves PPB = parts per billion PPE = Personal Protective Equipment PPE = Personnel Protection Equipment PPG = Pounds per gallon PPM = parts per million PRS = Polish Register of Shipping PRT = Petroleum Revenue Tax PSAC = Petroleum Services Association of Canada PSC = port state control PSD = Prevention of Significant Deterioration PSE = Pressure Safety Element PSH = Pressure Safety High PSHL = Pressure Safety High/Low PSI = Pounds per square inch PSIA = Pounds Per Square Inch Atmospheric PSIG = Points per square inch, gauge PSL = Pressure Safety Low PSL = Product Specification Level PSV = Pressure Safety Valve PTO = Permit to Operate PUR = Plant Upset Report PUWER = Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations PV = pressure/vacuum PVT = Pressure Volume Temperature PW = Produced Water PWRI = Produced Water Re-Injection PWV = Production Wing Valve QA = quality assurance QC = quality control QF = Qualifying Facility QUAD = Quadrillion BTUs R&D = Research and Development RCC = Rescue coordination centre RCCD = Reverse Circulation Centre Discharge RCDS = Raster Chart Display Systems RDF = Radio direction finder RE = Reservoir Engineer RENC = Regional Electronic Navigational Chart Coordinating Centre RF = range finder RF = radio frequency RI = Royalty Interest RINA = Registro Italiano Navale (Italian Register of Shipping) RINA = Royal Institution of Naval Architects RMT = National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers RNC = Raster Navigational Chart RNR = Romanian Maritime Register of Shipping ROA = Return of Assets ROB = remain on board (cargo, bunkers) ROC = Reactive Organic Compounds ROE = Return of Equity ROFR = Right Of First Refusal ROG = Reactive Organic Gases ROI = Return On Investment Ro-Ro = roll on/roll off ROSF = Rincon Onshore Separation Facility ROV = Remotely Operated Vehicle ROW = Right of way RPM = Revolutions Per Minute RS = Russian Maritime Register of Shipping RT (or R/T) = radio telegraph RTCM = Radio Technical Commission for Maritime Services RTU = Remote Terminal Unit RWQCB = Regional Water Quality Control Board SAC = Special area of conservation SAFE = Safety Award for Excellence SAGE =Scottish Area Gas Evacuation SAR = Search and Rescue SARA = Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act SART = search and rescue radar transponder SAS = safety at sea SBM = Synthetic base mud SCADA = Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition SCBA = Self contained breathing apparatus SCF = Standard Cubic Foot of natural gas SCO = Standard Cost Obligation SCOPIC = Special Compensation P&I Clause SCR = Spot check report SCR = Special Casualty Representative (P&I) SCSSV = Surface Controlled Subsurface Safety SD = Dynamic positioning semisubmersible SDV = Shutdown Valve SDW = Summer dead weight SEAL = Shearwater-Elgin Area Line SEC = US Securities and Exchange Commission SEIR = Supplemental Environmental Impact Report SEMI = Semisubmersible SENC = System Electronic Navigational Chart SES = Satellite earth station SES = Seafarers' Education Service SFEIS = Supplemental Final Environmental Impact Statement SFV = Straight Fixed Variable SHARP = Sustainable Hydrocarbons Additional Recovery Programme SI = Shut In SIC = Standard Industrial Classification SIRE = Ship's inspection report: a database system of the OCIMF SITP = Shut-in Tubing Pressure Sjofartsverket = Swedish Register of Shipping, Swedish Maritime Administration SMarT = Support for Maritime Training scheme SMB = Santa Maria Basin SMC = Safety management certificate SMEs = Small and medium sized enterprises SMS = Safety management system SNG = Synthetic Natural Gas SO2 = Sulfur dioxide SO3 = Oxides of sulfur SOC = Statement of Overriding Consideration SOLAS = International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea SOO = Suspension of Operation SOP = Standard operating procedure SOP = Suspension of Production SOPEP = Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan SOSREP = Secretary of State's Representative for Marine salvage and Intervention SPA = Special protection area SPAR = Floating production system SPCC = Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure SPCCP = Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure Plan SPCP = Spill Prevention and Cleanup Plan SPI = Ship-port interface SPM = Single point mooring SS = Semisubmersible SS = Stainless Steel SSANC = Fixed anchors or mooring piles SSMNF = Subsea manifold SSO = Ship security officer SSRRC = System Safety and Reliability Review Committee SSSL = Supplementary Seismic Survey Licence SSSV = Subsurface Safety Valve SSTMP = Subsea templates SSV = Surface Safety Valve STB = stock tank barrel STCW = International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping STOIIP = Stock Tank Oil Initially In Place STOP = Safety Training Observation Program SU = Submersible SUBC = self-unloading bulk carrier SW = Southwest SWDW = Salt Water Disposal Well SWL = Safe working load TAC = Toxic Air Contaminants TBOSIET = Tropical Basic Offshore Safety Induction & Emergency Training Tcf = Trillion Cubic Feet TCR = Transition Cost Recovery TD = Total Depth TDS = total dissolved solids TDU = Transmission Dependent Utility TEU = Twenty feet equivalent unit TF = Tropical fresh load line TGOR = Total Gas Oil Ratio THP = Tubing Hanger Pressure TIMS = Technical Information Management System TLL = timber load line TLP = Tension Leg Platform TOU = Time-Of-Use TPI = Tones per inch immersion TPIC = Terminal Person in Charge TQM = Total quality management TRSCSSSV = Tubing Retrievable Surface Controlled Sub-Surface Safety Valve TRSCSSV = Tubing Retrievable Surface Controlled Sub-Surface Valve TSE = Temperature Safety Element TSH = Temperature Safety High TSS’s = Traffic Separation Schemes TTC = Total Transfer Capability TTRD = Through Tubing Rotary Drilling TVD = True Vertical Depth TVDSS = True Vertical Depth Sub Sea USC = United States Code UBS = Universal bulk ship UEL = Upper explosive limit UFC = Uniform Fire Code UFL = Upper flammable limit UKCS = United Kingdom Continental Shelf UKLPG = Industry association formed from the LP Gas Association (LPGA) and the Association for Liquid Gas & Equipment Distributors (ALGED) UKOOA = United Kingdom Offshore Operators Association UKPIA = United Kingdom Petroleum Industry Association Limited ULBC = ultra large bulk carrier ULCC = ultra large crude carrier UMS = Universal Measurement System UMV = Upper Master Valve UN = United Nations UNCLOS = United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea USCG = United States Coast Guard USDA = US Department of Agriculture USDOI = US Department of Interior USDOT = US Department of Transportation USEPA = US Environmental Protection Agency USFWS = US Fish and Wildlife Service USGS = US Geological Survey UTC = Universal time (coordinated) UV = ultra-violet VCG = vertical centre of gravity VDR = Voyage data recorder VDU = visual display unit VIR = Value Investment Ratio VLBC = Very large bulk carrier VLCC = Very large crude carrier VOC = Volatile Organic Compound VP = vapour pressure VPP = Variable pitch propeller VPS = Velocity Seismic Profile VRP = Vessel response plan VRR = Voidage Replacement Ratio VRS = Vapor Recovery System VRU = Vapor Recovery Unit VTIS = Vessel traffic information system VTMS = Vessel traffic management services VTS = Vessel traffic service/system VTSS = Vessel traffic separation scheme WACOG = Weighted Average Cost Of Gas WAG = Water Alternating Gas WC = Watercut WCD = Worst-case discharge WDP = Waste Discharge Permit WDR’s = Waste discharge requirements WEG = Wireline Entry Guide WEND = World Electronic Navigation Database WHM = Wellhead maintenance WHO = World Health Organisation WHP = Wellhead Pressure WHRU = Waste Heat Recovery Unit WI = Water Injection WI = Working Interests WIS = Wave Information Study WL = water line WMO = World Meteorological Organization WMU = World Maritime University WP = Well Protector WPI = Wholesale Price Index WQC = Water Quality Certificate WRSCSSV = Wireline Retrievable Surface Controlled Sub-Surface Valve WSCA = Well Services Contractors Association WT = watertight WTI = West Texas Intermediate WTP = Willingness to Pay WY = Water Year ZD = zone description
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